Since 2013, Ship-rec project has organised three China shiprecycling network events in combination with the China International Conference om Waste Technology and Management. The first event took place in 4 April 2014 in Beijing and was attended by 37 shiprecycling stakeholders. The second event took place in 30 October 2014 also in Bejing and was attended by 40 shiprecycling stakeholders. The third event took place in 29 October 2015 in Sichuan and was attended by 46 shiprecycling stakeholders.
The three events have addressed the following issues that are related to sustainabile development of shiprecycling sector of China.
- The China national subsidy programme for phasing out non energy efficiency ships before their lifetime and how this programme could provide opportunities to Chinese shiprecyclers for recycling more local ships at a reasonable price;
- The new Chinese environmental protection law that includes more strict requirements for shiprecycling;
- Possibilities of starting a China EPR system in shiprecycling sector;
- Rapid declining of shiprecyling in China ( given to the market declining, only few recyclers are in operations) and how this sector could be re-developed;
- Policies that are needed for stimulating sustainable development of shiprecycling in the long term;
- Procedures and requirements to be included in the EU list of shiprecyclers;
- Possible investments and facilities that are needed for complying with EU standards;
- Policy needed for supporting Chinese shiprecyclers improving their environmental performance;
- Possibility of setting up a benchmarking programme in the shiprecycling sector;
- The existing decreasing prices of secondary materials generated from shiprecycling and how shiprecyclers deal with this issues;
- The increasing of standards and/or requirements on environmental performance and labour safety for shiprecycling;
- The emerging challenges and opportunities for Chinese shiprecyclers due to the new EU Ship Recycling Regulation;
- How to deal with the competition between Chinese shiprecyclers and shiprecyclers in other Asia countries;
- Possibility of a call for governmental intervention (e.g. subsidies) for supporting sustainable development of Chinese shiprecycling.
The event has achieved the following results:
The China national subsidy programme has resulted in a rapid phasing out of ships and those ships are compulsorily sold to Chinese shiprecyclers (otherwise shipping companies will not receive the subsidy). This gives Chinese shiprecyclers more opportunities;
- New standards of HW management are in line with the environmental law and must be implemented by shiprecyclers;
- EPR system is not feasible at the moment for the shiprecycling sector;
- More support from NSWMC and local waste authorities is needed for building up capacities of shiprecyclers in HW management;
- More communication and cooperation is needed between shiprecyclers and HW disposal companies;
- A number of top shiprecyclers in China are already in the preparations of applying for the EU lists;
- As currently very few (2-3 shiprecyclers) shipreccylers are on operations, it is not the right condition for building up a benchmarking programme for shiprecyclers at the moment. However, it is necessary to have this programme in the future;
- Local waste authorities will support shiprecyclers in building up their capacities on waste management by trainings, information and workshops;
- MEP is now paying increasing attention to the shiprecycling sector. The Minister of MEP has already asked MEP staff to do fact-finding missions and then more policies may be developed for supporting the shiprecycling sector in improving its sustainability.
- For improving sustainable development of shiprecycling, more strict environmental standards (e.g. EU Ship Recycling Regulation, Hong Kong Convention, ISO system, HW management) are needed;
- The new EU Ship Recycling Regulation offers more opportunities than challenges for Chinese shiprecyclers improving their competitiveness and sustainability;
- Chinese shiprecyclers can be more international if they could comply with the EU Ship Recycling Regulation and the Hong Kong Convention;
- The China Shiprecycling Association should play a more active role in recommending to the national governments of China to establish national incentives/subsidies for supporting Chinese shiprecyclers achieving high sustainability;
- NSWMC will build up a programme to support Chinese shiprecyclers building up their capacities on waste management.