In order to get an overview of current best practices, the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna conducted in a first step a thorough literature review with special focus on the downstream waste management in ship dismantling and recycling facilities. Best available technologies for the treatment of the main waste streams generated during ship recycling were identified and comprehensively listed in the deliverable on best practices in Europe. To get an insight into waste management practices at ship recyclers in Europe, ship recycling facilities were contacted in order to obtain practical information on their management practices.
Also, one recycling facility, Harland & Wolff in Belfast, was visited and a detailed interview on their waste management practices and the challenges related to waste management was conducted. The information obtained was summarized and included in the deliverable on best practices in Europe. In addition to waste management issues, also important points to consider in relation to occupational health and safety were listed and existing management systems relevant for ship recycling facilities were described and assessed.
The EU best practice report (available for download here) is structured as follows:
- Part 1 contains a compilation, description and explanation of the roles of the main stakeholders in the international ship recycling sector. Subsequently guidelines, regulations and standards are described at international and European level.
- Part 2 deals with the general layout of SRFs and the organisation and management of these facilities.
- Part 3 contains downstream waste management best practices (state of the art) of selected waste streams generated in the ship recycling sector. The report is finalised with three case studies from EU SRFs located in Spain, Northern Ireland and The Netherlands.